While there are standard procedures for product life cycle analysis, exposure, hazard, and risk assessment for traditional chemicals, is not yet clea how these procedures need to be modified to address all the novel properties of nanomaterials. There is a need to develop specific reference methods for all the main steps in managing the potential risk of ENM. The aim of MARINA is to develop such methods. MARINA will address the four central themes in the risk management paradigm for ENM: Materials, Exposure, Hazard and Risk. The methods developed by MARINA will be (i) based on beyond-state-of-the-art understanding of the properties, interaction and fate of ENM in relation to human health and the quality of the environment and will either (ii) be newly developed or adapted from existing ones but ultimately, they will be compared/validated and harmonised/standardised as reference methods for managing the risk of ENM. MARINA will develop a strategy for Risk Management including monitoring systems and measures for minimising massive exposure via explosion or environmental spillage.
To do this, MARINA will address the four central themes for the Risk Assessment and Management of Nanomaterials: Materials, Exposure, Hazard, and Risk. In MARINA we will develop beyond-stateof- the-art referential tools from each of these themes and integrate them into a Risk Management Toolbox and Strategy for both human and environmental health. Specifically, MARINA will use and develop
- a well tested set of reference nanomaterials with thoroughly validated referential characterisation methods,
- methods to further understand the properties, interaction, exposure, and fate of ENM in relation to human health and the quality of the environment,
- validated, harmonised, and standardised reference methods for hazard assessment for both human health and environment culminating in an integrated/intelligent testing strategy, and
- risk assessment tools by combining elements of (i), (ii) and (iii); strategies for monitoring ENM exposure for human health and environment (including estimating the size and possible pollution scenario caused by massive release, e.g. explosion or environmental spillage), and integrate them into a risk management toolbox and strategy for risk reduction.
In addition, MARINA uses case studies to illustrate the use of the MARINA referential risk management tools.
Follow this link to access the MARINA project website.